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Caude equina syndrome in dogs - who is at risk?
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a common orthopedic problem in dogs, affecting especially male dogs and large breeds. This very informative study including several thousand dogs gives interesting new informations: For example, a lumbosacral transitional vertebra predisposes for CES, and German Shepherds are eight times more likely to develop the CES than other breeds...

The association between the occurrence of a lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LTV) and the cauda equina syndrome (CES) in dogs was investigated.

In 4000 control dogs without signs of CES, 3.5% had an LTV, while in 92 dogs with CES, 16.3% had an LTV.

The lesion causing CES always occurred between the last true lumbar vertebra and the LTV.

Dogs with an LTV were eight times more likely to develop CES than dogs without an LTV.

German Shepherd dogs were eight times more likely to develop CES compared with other breeds.

Male dogs were twice as likely to develop CES than females.

Dogs with an LTV develop CES 1–2 years earlier than dogs without an LTV.


Source: FLÜCKIGER, MARK A., DAMUR-DJURIC, NATASCHA, HÄSSIG, MICHAEL, MORGAN, JOE P. & STEFFEN, FRANK (2006): A LUMBOSACRAL TRANSITIONAL VERTEBRA IN THE DOG PREDISPOSES TO CAUDA EQUINA SYNDROME. In: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 47 (1), 39-44.





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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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