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Fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy in cats
Acute or peracute nonpainful, asymmetrical spinal cord signs in cats - of course a lot of differentials need to be considered in these cases. One of them is a disease which is fairly unknown: fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy. Which diagnostic methods are recommended?

Five cats had clinical signs, radiographic findings, and cerebrospinal fluid analyses consistent with fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy.

All cats had an acute onset of nonpainful, asymmetrical spinal cord signs (paresis or paralysis of one or more limbs).

Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in three cats. On T2-weighted images, an intramedullary lesion was revealed that was hyperintense to normal spinal cord gray matter.

On T1-weighted images, the lesion was isointense.

Three of the cats were euthanized, and postmortem examination confirmed myelomalacia with intralesional fibrocartilaginous emboli.

Two cats survived and were clinically improved within 3 weeks.



Source: Jessica S. Mikszewski, Thomas J. Van Winkle, Mark T. Troxel (2006): Fibrocartilaginous Embolic Myelopathy in Five Cats. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:226-233 (2006)



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