|Eighteen dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy were premedicated with etodolac, butorphanol, or their combination.
Various parameters, such as blood pressure, isoflurane requirements, behavioral pain scores, plasma cortisol concentration, plasma glucose concentration, and mucosal bleeding time, were assessed.
The integrated plasma cortisol values were significantly lower in the etodolac and etodolac with butorphanol groups.
Dogs receiving etodolac and butorphanol had the lowest behavioral pain scores from extubation until the end of monitoring.
Isoflurane concentration over time (area under the curve), buccal mucosal bleeding time, and indices of renal function were not significantly different among the treatment groups.
Source: Tomohito Inoue, Jeff C. Ko, Ronald E. Mandsager, Mark E. Payton, David S. Galloway, Douglas N. Lange (2006): Efficacy and Safety of Preoperative Etodolac and Butorphanol Administration in Dogs Undergoing Ovariohysterectomy. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:178-188 (2006)
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