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Bovine    Equine    Small Animal Practice    Swine Practice    Articles    Vetjournal    
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Efficacy and Safety of Preoperative Etodolac and Butorphanol in Dogs
Ovariohysterectomy is one of the most performed surgeries in small animal medicine. Nearly everybody has `his` or `her` preferred anesthesia including premedication. But this brandnew article gives interesting alternatives in premedication.

Eighteen dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy were premedicated with etodolac, butorphanol, or their combination.

Various parameters, such as blood pressure, isoflurane requirements, behavioral pain scores, plasma cortisol concentration, plasma glucose concentration, and mucosal bleeding time, were assessed.

The integrated plasma cortisol values were significantly lower in the etodolac and etodolac with butorphanol groups.

Dogs receiving etodolac and butorphanol had the lowest behavioral pain scores from extubation until the end of monitoring.

Isoflurane concentration over time (area under the curve), buccal mucosal bleeding time, and indices of renal function were not significantly different among the treatment groups.





Source: Tomohito Inoue, Jeff C. Ko, Ronald E. Mandsager, Mark E. Payton, David S. Galloway, Douglas N. Lange (2006): Efficacy and Safety of Preoperative Etodolac and Butorphanol Administration in Dogs Undergoing Ovariohysterectomy. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:178-188 (2006)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

3 Serological Tests for Early Detection Of Leptospira-specific Antibodies
Leptospirosis in dogs is a disease of global importance. Early detection and appropriate therapeutic intervention are necessary to resolve infection and prevent zoonotic transmission. However, its diagnosis is hindered by nonspecific clinical signs and lack of rapid diagnostic tests of early infection. Recently, 2 rapid point-of-care tests (WITNESS Lepto [WITNESS Lepto, Zoetis LLC, Kalamazoo, MI, USA] and SNAP Lepto [SNAP Lepto, IDEXX Laboratories, Westbrook, ME, USA]) for detection of Leptospira-specific antibodies in canine sera were developed. This recently online published article compares three systems for early diagnosis.

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