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Acute tracheobronchitis due to Bordetella bronchiseptica in a cat (Case report)
Bordetella bronchiseptica is a common cause for respiratory diseases in different species. In cats, this pathogen should also be considered in bronchopulmonary disorders, especially in multi-cat households/catteries.

The case history of a domestic shorthair cat with acute tracheobronchitis is described. The most important clinical sign was a productive cough. A pure culture of Bordetella bronchiseptica was isolated on culture of an airway wash sample.

While antibiotic sensitivity testing showed the bacteria to be sensitive to enrofloxacin, treatment for 18 days with this medication failed to resolve the clinical signs and did not clear the bacteria from the lower respiratory tract.

Antibiotic therapy was changed to trimethoprim-sulfadiazine, which appeared to lead to resolution of the clinical signs, as well as elimination of the bacteria from the respiratory tract. B bronchiseptica appears to spread easily and quickly among cats and seroprevalence appears to be high.
Practitioners should consider it in the differential diagnosis of bronchopulmonary disease in the cat, especially in multi-cat households and catteries. Preliminary work on a vaccine appears promising, although the canine vaccines are currently being used on a limited basis in cats at risk.

Source: Little, S. (2000): Bordetella bronchiseptica infection in a cat. In: Feline Practice, 2000, Vol 28, Iss 1, pp 12-15





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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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