|Twenty-six non-diabetic cats admitted into the intensive care unit for a variety of diseases and 21 healthy control cats were included in this prospective, observational, controlled study at the Intensive care unit at a university veterinary teaching hospital.
Blood samples were obtained from critically ill cats upon admission to the intensive care unit. Blood was similarly obtained from control cats.
Measurements and main results: For all cats, venous blood glucose, lactate, cortisol, insulin, glucagon, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and non-esterified fatty acid concentrations were determined and compared between the 2 groups of cats.
Compared with controls, critically ill cats had significantly higher median concentrations of glucose [183 (range 51Â321) mg/dL versus 110 (91Â165) mg/dL; P<0.001], lactate [2.5 (0.6Â11.1) mmol/L versus 1.8 (0.4Â4.1) mmol/L; P=0.01], cortisol [7.8 (0.3Â53.7) Ã¬g/dL versus 4.4 (1.5Â8.3) Ã¬g/dL; P=0.005], glucagon [186 (46Â3128) pg/mL versus 97 (30Â252) pg/mL; P=0.001], and norepinephrine [1.5 (0.2Â16.4) pg/mL versus 0.63 (0.21Â3.61) pg/mL; P=0.003].
Compared with controls, critically ill cats also had a significantly lower median plasma insulin concentration [9 (2Â52) Ã¬U/mL versus 17 (3Â35) Ã¬U/mL; P=0.04].
The presence or degree of hyperglycemia in critically ill cats was not related to any single measured variable.
Conclusions: Similar to critically ill human patients, alterations in carbohydrate metabolism are present in critically ill cats and likely contribute to the hyperglycemia commonly observed in this population.
Source: Chan, Daniel L., Freeman, Lisa M., Rozanski, Elizabeth A. & Rush, John E. (2006): Alterations in carbohydrate metabolism in critically ill cats. In: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care 16 (s1), S7-S13.
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