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Prognostic indicators for time to ambulation after surgery of disk extrusions
Paresis or paralysis after disk extrusion is commonly seen. If the owner has agreed to surgical therapy, he is waiting more or less patiently to see the dog walk again. In this study of 112 dogs the investigators tried to find prognostic indicators for time to ambulation (Stand and take a series of steps without assistance).

All 112 dogs were nonambulatory with intact pain sensation and acute thoracolumbar Hansen type-1 disk extrusions. They all had decompressive hemilaminectomy or dorsal laminectomy. Variables considered included age, weight, voluntary motor function at time of anesthetic induction, glucocorticoid use, times from onset of nonambulatory status to admission and surgical decompression, time in hospital to surgical decompression, anesthetic time, surgical time, number of contrast injections required to perform a diagnostic myelogram, postoperative pain sensation, and postoperative voluntary motor function.
Time to ambulation was defined as the number of days from surgical decompression until the dog was able to stand and take a series of steps without assistance.
One-hundred seven dogs (96%) were able to ambulate within 3 months. The mean time to ambulation was 12.9 days and was significantly shorter if dogs had postoperative voluntary motor function (7.9 days v 16.4 days, P < .0001). No other variable had a significant association with time to ambulation.

Few perioperative variables have prognostic value for return to ambulation. Nonambulatory dogs with intact pain sensation and Hansen type-l disk extrusions in the thoracolumbar spine that are treated with surgical decompression have a favorable prognosis. The presence of postoperative voluntary motor function is a favorable prognostic indicator for early return to ambulation.

Source: GJ Davis, DC Brown (2002): Prognostic indicators for time to ambulation after surgical decompression in nonambulatory dogs with acute thoracolumbar disk extrusions: 112 cases. In:
Veterinary Surgery, 2002, Vol 31, Iss 6, pp 513-518





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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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