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New developments in European horse breeding
The liberalization of European animal breeding legislation and an increasing diversity of equestrian sports have led to a constant rise in the number of horse breeds and breed registries. Especially the discussion how to deal with cloned horses has led to a lot of controversies in between Europe. This article gives an interesting overview also over the consequences for veterinarians.

In addition to the trend towards more and smaller breed registries, there is another trend towards an international expansion of the bigger established sport horse breeds.

Regional breeds, at least in smaller countries, may no longer be able to run an independent breeding programme.

The typical horse breeder, in the future, will be a female and qualified in equestrian sports.

Artificial insemination (AI) mainly with fresh or cooled-transported semen has become a major breeding tool, allowing breeders all over Europe to benefit from the best stallions of most breeds.

New AI techniques such as low-dose insemination may remain restricted to individual stallions and also the interest of breeding programmes in sex determination of foals via semen sorting is limited.

Embryo transfer and associated techniques, although allowed by most breeds, have not contributed significantly to genetic progress in European sport horses so far.

A potential use of cloning may be to produce gonad-intact copies from geldings that have performed to a superior level.

With a more open and international structure of horse breeding and increased use of AI, equine reproduction and biotechnology should be emphasized by veterinary curricula and continuing professional education programmes.


Source: Aurich, J & Aurich, C (2006): Developments in European Horse Breeding and Consequences for Veterinarians in Equine Reproduction. In: Reproduction in Domestic Animals 41 (4), 275-279.




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EQUINE

CT diagnosis of fatigue fracture of Mt 3 in young adult horsesmembers
Two young adult endurance horses were presented for investigation of sudden-onset forelimb lameness during competition. Clinical examination revealed a severe forelimb lameness and pain on palpation of the proximal palmar metacarpal area. Initial radiographic survey of the affected forelimb was unremarkable in both cases. A week of box rest resulted in only a mild improvement in the lameness. A second radiographic examination did not reveal any significant abnormalities. The history is very suspicious for a fracture, especially a fatigue fracture. How was it diagnosed and treated finally?

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