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Spontaneous remission in canine myasthenia gravis
Bayer 2255.jpg © Bayer
Myasthenia gravis is thought to be a rare autoimmune disease in dogs. Canine myasthenia gravis (MG) is used in studies to assess the effect of immunotherapies in this disease in humans. These results question the value of these studies.

The natural course of autoimmune canine MG was determined in 53 dogs with muscular weakness and a positive acetylcholine receptor antibody titer. Dogs were treated with anticholinesterase therapy, without immunosuppression.

Spontaneous clinical and immunologic remission occurred in 47 of 53 dogs within an average of 6.4 months. Neoplasia was identified in the six dogs that did not spontaneously remit. This study questions the value of using canine MG in studies designed to assess the effect of immunotherapies.

Source: Shelton GD, Lindstrom JM. (2001): Spontaneous remission in canine myasthenia gravis: Implications for assessing human MG therapies. In: Neurology 2001 Dec 11;57(11):2139-2141




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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