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Portosystemic shunt - diagnosis via liver radiography?
A simple technique, fast and inexpensive and without risk for the patient - and it can be performed in every small animal practice. A wonderful option! But it is really possible to diagnose a congenital malformation like a portosystemic shunt via simple right lateral radiograpy and measuring the hepatic size?

Radiographically, the hepatic sizes of portosystemic shunt (PSS) cases were evaluated.

In this study the hepatic area was compared in PSS and non-PSS dogs by utilizing the right lateral radiography.


The top three breeds of PSS dogs of Maltese, Shih Tzu and Yorkshire Terrier, were included and these dogs had a significantly smaller hepatic area ratio of 46.37 +/- 0.63%, 61.76 +/- 0.78% and 41.59 +/- 0.23% respectively (p<0.05) and the average overall hepatic area in the 3 dog breeds was 47.75 +/- 0.40%.



Source: Washizu M, Katagi M, Washizu T, Torisu S, Kondo Y, Nojiri A. (2004): An evaluation of radiographic hepatic size in dogs with portosystemic shunt. In: J Vet Med Sci. 2004 Aug;66(8):977-8.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Computed tomographic findings in dogs infected with Crenosoma vulpis
Crenosoma vulpis is a nematode lungworm found in wild and domestic canids in some parts of North America and Europe. Reported radiographic findings are nonspecific and consist of a combination of bronchial and interstitial changes of variable severity. This retrospective, case series study aimed to describe thoracic computed tomographic (CT) findings for a group of dogs with confirmed crenosomosis. Selection criteria were presentation with a chronic cough during the period of January 2016 to February 2017, evaluation by thoracic CT, and final diagnosis of C. vulpis infection based on bronchoscopic findings, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid analysis, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

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