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Uterus masculinus in a cat (case report)
A middle-aged castrated male cat presented with urethral obstruction - it seems to be a routine case. A catheter is placed but the urine does not go through it but passes it - very stragen. And the reason for this phenomenon is both surprising and rare: an uterus masculinus! How can it be diagnosed?

A 6-year-old, male castrated domestic short hair cat presented for urethral obstruction.

Despite passage of a urinary catheter, urine could not be drained through the catheter, but urine flow was noted around the catheter.

Special imaging studies, including ultrasound and fluoroscopy, revealed that the catheter had been passed into an abnormal small bicornuate structure that entered the urethra from dorsally within the pelvic canal.

This structure was believed to be a uterus masculinus or remnants of the Mullerian ducts.

The anomalous structure was not felt to be related to the cause of the urethral obstruction, but was simply an incidental finding which resulted in difficult catheterization.



Source: Sfiligoi, Gabriella, Drobatz, Kenneth J. & Mark Saunders, H. (2006): Uterus masculinus: an unusual complication in a case of feline urethral obstruction. In: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care 16 (1), 50-53.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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