|A 9-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was presented because of coughing, dysphagia, and prostration. Examination revealed firm bilateral anterocervical swellings extensively adhered to the surrounding tissues.
Anisocoria with left-side miosis was also evident.
X-ray and ultrasound examinations along with a fine-needle aspiration biopsy were performed.
Slides were stained with May-Grunwald Giemsa, and a diagnosis of salivary gland carcinoma was made. At surgery, the tumor was found to involve both submandibular salivary glands as well as adjacent lymph nodes and surrounding tissues.
The cat was euthanized and necropsy was performed.
The majority of tissues and organs examined histologically, including mandibular and retropharyngeal lymph nodes, soft palate, laryngopharynx and lungs, contained neoplastic cells whose appearance was consistent with adenocarcinoma.
Bilateral salivary adenocarcinoma has not previously been reported in cats, and extensive metastases are rare.
Source: Mazzullo G, Sfacteria A, Ianelli N, De Majo M, Pennisi MG. (2005): Carcinoma of the submandibular salivary glands with multiple metastases in a cat. In: Vet Clin Pathol. 2005;34(1):61-4.
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