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Bilateral salivary adenocarcinoma with multiple metastases in a cat
Salivary gland tumors sometimes occur in dogs but they are very rare in cats. The patient described in this case report was presented with very unspecific clinical signs like coughing and dysphagia so that the diagnosis was difficult to do. Very informative case report from Italy.

A 9-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was presented because of coughing, dysphagia, and prostration. Examination revealed firm bilateral anterocervical swellings extensively adhered to the surrounding tissues.

Anisocoria with left-side miosis was also evident.

X-ray and ultrasound examinations along with a fine-needle aspiration biopsy were performed.

Slides were stained with May-Grunwald Giemsa, and a diagnosis of salivary gland carcinoma was made. At surgery, the tumor was found to involve both submandibular salivary glands as well as adjacent lymph nodes and surrounding tissues.

The cat was euthanized and necropsy was performed.

The majority of tissues and organs examined histologically, including mandibular and retropharyngeal lymph nodes, soft palate, laryngopharynx and lungs, contained neoplastic cells whose appearance was consistent with adenocarcinoma.

Bilateral salivary adenocarcinoma has not previously been reported in cats, and extensive metastases are rare.


Source: Mazzullo G, Sfacteria A, Ianelli N, De Majo M, Pennisi MG. (2005): Carcinoma of the submandibular salivary glands with multiple metastases in a cat. In: Vet Clin Pathol. 2005;34(1):61-4.



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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