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Recurrence rate of surgically excised grade II mast cell-tumors
Mast cell tumors are a common problem in dogs and it often happens that they are not diagnosed before surgery. So the question raises after the histopathological diagnosis comes back whether there is a second surgery and/or a radiation therapy indicated. This study gives important informations regarding this decision!

A retrospective study was performed on 31 dogs with completely excised, grade II, cutaneous mast cell tumors in order to determine recurrence rates and sites.

Distant tumor recurrence developed in 22% of dogs, and local tumor recurrence developed in 11% of dogs; however, the vast majority of these animals were incompletely staged initially.

Complete surgical excision of grade II mast cell tumors was associated with effective local control in 89% of these dogs.

Therefore, adjuvant radiation therapy might not be indicated in the majority of dogs with complete surgical excision.


Source: Weisse C, Shofer FS, Sorenmo K. (2002): Recurrence rates and sites for grade II canine cutaneous mast cell tumors following complete surgical excision. In: J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2002 Jan-Feb;38(1):71-3.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Sonography vs percutaneous palpation to identify targeted thoracolumbar intervertebral disc spacesmembers
During minimally invasive spinal surgery, correct identification of the affected intervertebral disc space is critical. Percutaneous palpation is commonly used, but results may be unreliable. Fluoroscopy is the gold standard but can be cumbersome and exposes operators to ionizing radiation. Spinal ultrasound has been described in veterinary medicine and could be a feasible alternative. This prospective, methods comparison study mimicked a minimally invasive spinal surgery in 10 canine cadavers and compared the accuracy of ultrasound and percutaneous palpation for thoracolumbar intervertebral disc space identification, using fluoroscopy as the reference standard.

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