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Intracranial fusariosis in a dog (case report)
Meningoencephalitis in dogs is not too rare and can be caused by a variety of diseases. A fungal infection is one of them. Although aspergillosis is much more common also fusariosis should be considered, as this case report shows.

The Fusarium species are a group of saprophytic fungal organisms that are occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections in humans and animals.

Central nervous system disease associated with a Fusarium species is most commonly described in horse, resulting in equine leukoencephalomalacia.

This report describes a 2-year-old, spayed, female German Shepherd Dog with meningoencephalitis secondary to infection with Fusarium spp.

Meningoencephalitis in dogs secondary to a species of Fusarium has not been previously reported.

The diagnosis was made based on the histopathologic examination of brain tissues postmortem and special immunohistochemical stains specific for Fusarium solani.

The clinical signs in this dog were indicative of multifocal brain disease and included seizures and a paradoxical vestibular syndrome.

The clinical findings, diagnostic and histopathologic test results, and the comparative characterizations of other disseminated fungal diseases, especially aspergillosis, are described.

Source: J. Evans, D. Levesque, A. de Lahunta and H. E. Jensen (2004): Intracranial Fusariosis: A Novel Cause of Fungal Meningoencephalitis in a Dog. In: Vet Pathol 41:510-514 (2004)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Microbiota of traumatic, open fracture wounds and the mechanism of injury
Open fractures are characterized by disruption of the skin and soft tissue, which allows for microbial contamination and colonization. Preventing infection‐related complications of open fractures and other acute wounds remains an evolving challenge due to an incomplete understanding of how microbial colonization and contamination influence healing and outcomes. Culture‐independent molecular methods are now widely used to study human‐associated microbial communities without introducing culture biases. This recently online published study describes the fascinating association between the mechanism of injury and the microbiota of the wounds.

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