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Positive intraoperative cultures from canine total hip replacements
A very interesting study which detected positive cultures in 11 out of 27 patients undergoing total hip replacements (THR). It sounds alarming but the results regarding short- and long-term-success are surprising.

The results of closing intraoperative cultures from 27 canine total hip replacements (THR) were reviewed.

The relationship between these culture results and presurgical and surgical factors, and the short- and long-term success of THR were assessed.

Eleven out of 27 cases had a positive culture, but none of these 11 cases were diagnosed with periprosthetic infection at follow-up examination.

The duration of the clinical signs of hip disease prior to THR was significantly greater for those cases with a positive culture (P=0.034).

The incidence of positive cultures was not related to surgical success.



Source: Karla C.L. Lee, Amy S. Kapatkin (2002): Positive Intraoperative Cultures and Canine Total Hip Replacement: Risk Factors, Periprosthetic Infection, and Surgical Success. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:271-278 (2002)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Patient-specific facemask to facilitate brain biopsymembers
The objective of this pilot study was to describe the application and first preliminary data of a novel MRI and CT compatible patient-specific facemask for stereotactic brain biopsy of intracranial lesions in dogs. Five client-owned dogs presenting for neurological deficits consistent with forebrain disease were included in the study. All dogs had MRI findings consistent with an intracranial lesion. But biopsies in this region are not easy to obtain. Does an individual face mask help?

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