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Positive intraoperative cultures from canine total hip replacements
A very interesting study which detected positive cultures in 11 out of 27 patients undergoing total hip replacements (THR). It sounds alarming but the results regarding short- and long-term-success are surprising.

The results of closing intraoperative cultures from 27 canine total hip replacements (THR) were reviewed.

The relationship between these culture results and presurgical and surgical factors, and the short- and long-term success of THR were assessed.

Eleven out of 27 cases had a positive culture, but none of these 11 cases were diagnosed with periprosthetic infection at follow-up examination.

The duration of the clinical signs of hip disease prior to THR was significantly greater for those cases with a positive culture (P=0.034).

The incidence of positive cultures was not related to surgical success.



Source: Karla C.L. Lee, Amy S. Kapatkin (2002): Positive Intraoperative Cultures and Canine Total Hip Replacement: Risk Factors, Periprosthetic Infection, and Surgical Success. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:271-278 (2002)




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