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Nutrient intake and dietary patterns in cats with cardiac disease
Cardiac diseases are less common in cats than in dogs. It is well known that special diets are a problem in many cats, and also that some cardiac diseases benefit from special diet. This interesting prospective study including 95 cats with congenital cardiac disease or primary cardiomyopathy gives important informations regarding this dilemma!

Owners completed a standardized telephone questionnaire regarding their cat`s diet and a 24-hour food recall to determine daily intake of calories, fat, protein, sodium, magnesium, and potassium.

RESULTS: Of the 95 cats, 18 (19%) had a history of congestive heart failure and 73 (77%) had no clinical signs of cardiac disease.

Fifty-five percent (52/95) of cats had concurrent disease.

Inappetance was reported in 38% (36/95) of all cats and in 72% (68/95) of cats with a history of congestive heart failure. Most (57% [54/95]) cats received treats or table scraps on a regular basis.

Approximately half the cats were receiving orally administered medications, supplements, or both.

Only 34% (32/68) of owners used food to administer medications to cats.

Cats consumed more than the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) minimums for protein, sodium, potassium, and magnesium, and nearly all cats consumed more than the AAFCO minimum for fat.
Daily nutrient intake was variable for all of the nutrients assessed.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Dietary intake in cats with cardiac disease was variable, but results for dietary supplement use, food use for medication administration, and treat feeding were different from those found in a similar study of dogs with cardiac disease. This information may be useful for treating and designing nutritional studies for cats with cardiac disease.



Source: Torin DS, Freeman LM, Rush JE. (2007): Dietary patterns of cats with cardiac disease. In: J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Mar 15;230(6):862-7.



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