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Suspected new Leishmania-species found in Thailand
The third reported case of autochthonous visceral leishmaniasis in a Thai man living in Southern Thailand has been reported - and a suspected new species of Leishmania is described as the causative agent. Since leishmaniasis remains an emerging disease both in dogs and in men large epidemiological studies should start immediately!

The results of PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer 1 of ssrRNA and the mini-exon genes were different from those of previously reported Leishmania species.

A direct agglutination test (DAT) revealed that antibody against Leishmania infection was detected in nine domestic cats.

No potential vectors could be identified.

A large-scale epidemiological survey of leishmaniasis should be urgently conducted since visceral leishmaniasis is considered an emerging disease of public health concern in Thailand.



Source: Sukmee T, Siripattanapipong S, Mungthin M, Worapong J, Rangsin R, Samung Y, Kongkaew W, Bumrungsana K, Chanachai K, Apiwathanasorn C, Rujirojindakul P, Wattanasri S, Ungchusak K, Leelayoova S. (2008): A suspected new species of Leishmania, the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis in a Thai patient. In: Int J Parasitol. 2008 Jan 15 [Epub ahead of print]




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

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