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Treatment of giardiosis with praziquantel-pyrantel embonate-febantel combination
Giardiosis in dogs is a common and often underdiagnosed disease: the prevalence in several temperate regions, including Italy, has been reported from 10 per cent in healthy dogs, to 50 per cent in puppies and 100 per cent in some kennels. An Italian group used a combination of praziquantel-pyrantel embonate-febantel tablets to treat the animals - very successful.

Although giardia infections are not usually accompanied by clinical signs, in many cases giardiosis causes enteritis with acute or chronic diarrhoea and occasionally vomiting, lethargy, anorexia, weight loss and allergic reactions.

A combination product containing 50 mg of praziquantel, 144 mg of pyrantel embonate and 150 mg of febantel (Drontal Plus;Bayer) has been registered in Europe for use in dogs to treat Toxacara canis, Toxascaris leonina, Ancylostoma caninum, Uncinaria stenocephala, Trichuris vulpis, Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis and Dipiylidium caninum but not Giardia. The purpose of this study was to determine its therapeutic efficacy against Giardia species in naturally infected adult dogs under field conditions.

The tablets were either given orally only once at double the current dose or for two or three consecutive days at the labelled dose. They were effective against Giardia cysts and can, thus, be used for treatment of giardiosis in dogs.

As giardiosis may be considered one of the main digestive parasitic diseases in dogs and in consideration of its zoonotic potential, veterinarians now have a safe and effective alternative way to treat it, although health measures such as disinfectants and washing should never be neglected, particularly in kennels.

Source: A. Giangaspero, G. Traldi, B. Paoletti, D. Traversa, P. Bianciardi (2002): Efficacy of pyrantel embonate, febantel and praziquantel against Giardia species in naturally infected adult dogs- Short Communications. In: Vet Rec, Feb 9, 2002 150, 184-186




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Patient-specific facemask to facilitate brain biopsymembers
The objective of this pilot study was to describe the application and first preliminary data of a novel MRI and CT compatible patient-specific facemask for stereotactic brain biopsy of intracranial lesions in dogs. Five client-owned dogs presenting for neurological deficits consistent with forebrain disease were included in the study. All dogs had MRI findings consistent with an intracranial lesion. But biopsies in this region are not easy to obtain. Does an individual face mask help?

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