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Pregnancy diagnosis in miniature pigs by fecal ELISA
Miniature pigs are more and more seen as pets in different countries. A Japanese group evaluated a new fecal ELISA test from pregnancy diagnosis at day 27-29.

The objectives of the present study were to measure oestrone derivatives [oestrone, oestrone sulphate (E1S) and oestrone glucuronide] in sow faeces by direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and to explore the changes of oestrone derivative profile in faeces of miniature pig for demonstrating the possibility of pregnancy diagnosis.

Faecal samples (1.5 g) were put into 6 ml of buffer, shaken and centrifuged. Then supernatant was added to the wells of multi-plate without extraction and incubated with anti-oestrone antibody and horseradish peroxidase-labelled oestrone. Standard solution was prepared at various concentrations of E1S. Sensitivity was estimated as 0.035 ng/ml (0.14 ng/g). Intra- and inter-assay coefficient variations were 3.5-7.7% and 10.9-15.3%, respectively. When 1-5 ng/ml E1S were added to a faecal solution, recovery rates ranged between 80.0 and 103.3%. There is a temporal increase in the E1S equivalent concentration of miniature pig faeces from day 25 to 31 after mating. From day 35 to 70, the E1S equivalent concentrations remained low. Thereafter its concentrations increased again towards farrowing.

On day 27 and 29 after mating pregnancy diagnosis by the faecal E1S equivalent concentrations agreed with the results of farrowing (seven of seven animals).

These results suggest that the present direct ELISA is practical and suitable as a routine assay for measuring the faecal concentration of oestrone derivatives and that this assay might be usable for pregnancy diagnosis in sows at day 27-29.


Source: N Isobe and T Nakao (2004): Pregnancy Diagnosis in Miniature Pig by Direct ELISA of Oestrone Derivatives in Faeces. In: Reproduction in Domestic Animals 39 (1), 48-51.





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