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Efficacy of topical insecticides against sand flies
Leishmaniasis, transmitted by sand flies, is a well-known problem especially in travelling pets. Many dog owners ask for an effective preventive insecticide to protect their pets. What can be recommended? A study from UK and Brazil compared four topical insecticides.

The susceptibility of sand fly vectors to four topical insecticide treatments applied to domestic dogs, a reservoir of human leishmaniasis, was evaluated.
Dogs were exposed to sand flies pretreatment and at 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months posttreatment.

Sand fly bloodfeeding and survival rate of both fed and unfed flies were significantly reduced by the permethrin, deltamethrin, and fenthion treatments, but diazinon had no effect. The survival rate of bloodfed sand flies was reduced by up to 86% with deltamethrin collars.

The antifeeding effect suggests that deltamethrin collars may be recommended to dog owners to protect their pets from sandfly-borne diseases.

The combined effects on sand fly feeding and survival indicate that epidemiologic, community-based trials are warranted to test whether deltamethrin collars could reduce the incidence of canine and, hence, human leishmaniasis.

Source: R Reithinger, U Teodoro, C R. Davies
(2001): Topical Insecticide Treatments to Protect Dogs from Sand Fly Vectors of Leishmaniasis. In:
Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal Vol. 7, No. 5 Sep–Oct 2001




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Long-term outcome of dogs with primary immune-mediated thrombocytopeniamembers
Primary immune‐mediated thrombocytopenia (IMTP) is a life-threatening condition which is occasionally seen in dogs. Also many of them respond to intensive therapy, the incidence of relapse may be underestimated. The objectives of this new study were to determine the incidence of relapse after discharge from the hospital in dogs with a diagnosis of presumed primary immune‐mediated thrombocytopenia, risk factors associated with relapse and whether or not indefinite use of immunosuppressive medication influences risk of relapse.

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  • Efficacy of pentamidine analogue 6 in dogs with chronic atrial fibrillationmembers


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