|A total of 946 rabbits (670 NZW and 276 NZW NZR) ranging in age from 77 to 288 days were examined.
Of the NZW rabbits, 333 were males and 337 were females. Of the NZW NZR (F1) rabbits, 139 were males and 137 were females.
Thirty-eight NZW rabbits (23 males and 15 females) exhibited immature cataracts in one or both eyes, and three NZW NZR (F1) rabbits (one male and two females) exhibited cataracts in one or both eyes.
The overall incidence of cataracts was 4.3% of all rabbits. Males and females were equally affected, but a significant difference in the incidence of cataracts existed between the NZW and NZW NZR (F1) rabbits with 5.7% of the NZW rabbits affected and 1.1% of the NZW NZR (F1) rabbits affected.
Spontaneous juvenile cataracts occur in rabbits and may develop as incidental lesions during toxicologic studies. The incidence of cataracts noted in our studies is consistent with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, but further studies are needed to confirm the mode or modes of inheritance. Hybrid pigmented rabbits (F1 or NZW NZR) exhibited a significantly lower incidence of cataracts.
Source: Munger, Robert J., Langevin, Nicholas & Podval, J. (2002): Spontaneous cataracts in laboratory rabbits. In: Veterinary Ophthalmology 5 (3), 177-181.
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