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Measurement of transepidermal water loss in healthy dogs
Increased transepidermal water loss is a common sign in canine atopic dermatitis. In humans, transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is measured by noninvasive techniques using either open- or closed-chamber instruments. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of a hand-held, closed chamber device (Vapometer®) to measure TEWL in canine skin. Are the results comparable to those in humans?

Repeated measurements obtained from multiple body sites in one short and one long-coated dog had mean coefficients of variation ranging from 20% to 33%.

In the short-coated dog, TEWL ranged from a mean of 5.8 g/m2/h on the ventral abdomen to 24.4 g/m2/h between the shoulders. In the long-coated dog, mean TEWL values ranged from 26.3 g/m2/h on the right chest wall to 51.3 g/m2/h in the right axilla.

TEWL readings differed significantly at different body sites and showed significant day-to-day variation.

In a comparison of a further 20 dogs, TEWL readings obtained from the lateral thorax differed significantly between dogs.

Furthermore, in seven of the twenty dogs, readings differed significantly when one side was compared with the other.

The Vapometer® was able to measure TEWL in canine skin and yielded values similar to those previously reported in the literature using other devices.

However, for use in clinical studies, the significant site to site, day-to-day and dog to dog variations would make changes induced by disease, drugs, dietary supplements or topical agents very difficult to reliably detect.


Source: Peri Jasmin Lau-Gillard, Peter Barrie Hill, Christopher James Chesney, Chis Budleigh, Aki Immonen (2010): Evaluation of a hand-held evaporimeter (VapoMeter®) for the measurement of transepidermal water loss in healthy dogs. In: Veterinary Dermatology
Volume 21 Issue 2, Pages 136 - 145



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Vocal fold granulomas in brachycephalic dogs
Vocal cord granulomas are rarely observed in brachycephalic breeds but often reported in humans as contact granulomas. Six French bulldogs were included in this retrospective descriptive study. Endoscopic laryngeal examinations were performed on all dogs under general anaesthesia. Vocal cord lesions were exclusively unilateral, exophytic, approximately 3‐mm wide ulcerated mucosal nodules, arising from the vocal cord. Maybe an underdiagnosed disease in brachycephalic breeds?

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