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Mycotic endophthalmitis due to Candida albicans (case report)
Candida albicans is a yeast which is known to cause problems in humans and also in small mammals. Little is known about diseases in dogs due to this microorganisms. In this very interesting case report from a colleague from Hamburg a case of mycotic endophthalmitis is described, probably due to hematogenous infection.

The 3-year-old dog had a history of bloody diarrhea 3 months previously. The dog presented with acute signs of unilateral panuveitis.

Aqueocentesis, vitreocentesis, and routine blood tests were performed but did not contribute to the diagnosis. The posterior segment could not be visualized because of flare and fibrin.

On day 7 ultrasonography showed retinal separation which progressed to vitreous compartmentalization and abscessation by day 14.

Three weeks after onset, glaucoma developed and enucleation was performed. Histology revealed the yeast Candida to be the causative agent.

Post-enucleation serum Candida antibody titer was 1 : 640 (human threshold 1 : 120), as determined by agglutination test. A relapse of enteric signs 3 months later led to the diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic enteritis. An hematogenous route of infection is suspected.

To cite this article
Source: Linek, Jens (2004): Mycotic endophthalmitis in a dog caused by Candida albicans. In: Veterinary Ophthalmology 7 (3), 159-162.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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