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Pelvic fractures and the skin
Pelvic fractures are commonly found in cats, often caused by injury. After recovery, fortunately most of them show no sequelae of other organ systems. In this article from Belgium, the author describes three cats that developed similar skin alterations of the lower back about one month after pelvic fracture.

All three animals had pelvic fractures associated with vehicular trauma. 3-4 weeks after trauma they developed alopecia and dermatopathy with acute hair loss, glistening appearance of the skin and erosions of the lower back.

Histopathology showed an atrophy of the hair follicles and adnexal structures, follicular telogenization, dermal fibroplasia and mild lymphocytic infiltrate, fibroplasia and panniculitis.

Vascular damage secondary to the extermal trauma to blood vessels supplying the skin over the lumbar region and aubsequent ischemia might explain the pathomechanism of this alopecia.

Focal permanent alopecia is expected in these areas.

Source: Declercq, jan (2004): Alopecia and dermatopathy of the lower back following pelvic fractures in three cats. In: Veterinary Dermatology 2004, 15, pp 42-46


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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