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Pelvic fractures and the skin
Pelvic fractures are commonly found in cats, often caused by injury. After recovery, fortunately most of them show no sequelae of other organ systems. In this article from Belgium, the author describes three cats that developed similar skin alterations of the lower back about one month after pelvic fracture.

All three animals had pelvic fractures associated with vehicular trauma. 3-4 weeks after trauma they developed alopecia and dermatopathy with acute hair loss, glistening appearance of the skin and erosions of the lower back.

Histopathology showed an atrophy of the hair follicles and adnexal structures, follicular telogenization, dermal fibroplasia and mild lymphocytic infiltrate, fibroplasia and panniculitis.

Vascular damage secondary to the extermal trauma to blood vessels supplying the skin over the lumbar region and aubsequent ischemia might explain the pathomechanism of this alopecia.

Focal permanent alopecia is expected in these areas.

Source: Declercq, jan (2004): Alopecia and dermatopathy of the lower back following pelvic fractures in three cats. In: Veterinary Dermatology 2004, 15, pp 42-46


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Variability of SDMA in apparently healthy dogsmembers
Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a screening tool for early kidney dysfunction and monitoring treatment in cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are no current studies describing the suitability of this test for use with published population‐based reference intervals. The objectives of this study were to determine the components of biological variability, the index of individuality (IOI), the critical difference between sequential measurements (CD) and the number of measurements required to assess the homeostatic set point (HSP), for both SDMA and serum creatinine (sCr), in apparently healthy dogs.

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