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Histopathology in primary glaucomas of Norwegian Elkhounds
Primary glaucomas in Norwegian Elkhounds are well-known. In this study, the histopatological changes of 31 eyes are described. This breed tends to develop a pectinate ligament dysplasia and/or trabecular meshwork dysplasia as well as a cystic degeneration of the iridociliary epithelial and/or peripheral retina.

A retrospective histopathologic study of primary glaucoma in the Norwegian Elkhound was undertaken with the study of 9 clinically normal eyes and 22 glaucomatous eyes. All glaucomatous eyes showed goniodysgenesis as manifested by pectinate ligament dysplasia and/or trabecular meshwork dysplasia. Cystic degeneration of the iridociliary epithelial and/or peripheral retina was present in a high percentage of both normotensive and glaucomatous eyes. Utilizing the scheme proposed by Smith et al. (Veterinary and Comparative Ophthalmology 1993; 3: 16-28) the morphology of this disease in the Norwegian Elkhound would be classified as an open-angle, closed-cleft glaucoma, with histopathologic alterations of the outflow pathway similar to that described in other breeds with primary glaucoma.

Source: Yoshie Oshima, Ellen Bjerkas, Robert L. Peiffer Jr (2004): Ocular histopathologic observations in Norwegian Elkhounds with primary open-angle, closed-cleft glaucoma. In: Veterinary OphthalmologyVolume 7 Issue 3 Page 185 - May 2004


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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