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Histopathology in primary glaucomas of Norwegian Elkhounds
Primary glaucomas in Norwegian Elkhounds are well-known. In this study, the histopatological changes of 31 eyes are described. This breed tends to develop a pectinate ligament dysplasia and/or trabecular meshwork dysplasia as well as a cystic degeneration of the iridociliary epithelial and/or peripheral retina.

A retrospective histopathologic study of primary glaucoma in the Norwegian Elkhound was undertaken with the study of 9 clinically normal eyes and 22 glaucomatous eyes. All glaucomatous eyes showed goniodysgenesis as manifested by pectinate ligament dysplasia and/or trabecular meshwork dysplasia. Cystic degeneration of the iridociliary epithelial and/or peripheral retina was present in a high percentage of both normotensive and glaucomatous eyes. Utilizing the scheme proposed by Smith et al. (Veterinary and Comparative Ophthalmology 1993; 3: 16-28) the morphology of this disease in the Norwegian Elkhound would be classified as an open-angle, closed-cleft glaucoma, with histopathologic alterations of the outflow pathway similar to that described in other breeds with primary glaucoma.

Source: Yoshie Oshima, Ellen Bjerkas, Robert L. Peiffer Jr (2004): Ocular histopathologic observations in Norwegian Elkhounds with primary open-angle, closed-cleft glaucoma. In: Veterinary OphthalmologyVolume 7 Issue 3 Page 185 - May 2004


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Microbiota of traumatic, open fracture wounds and the mechanism of injury
Open fractures are characterized by disruption of the skin and soft tissue, which allows for microbial contamination and colonization. Preventing infection‐related complications of open fractures and other acute wounds remains an evolving challenge due to an incomplete understanding of how microbial colonization and contamination influence healing and outcomes. Culture‐independent molecular methods are now widely used to study human‐associated microbial communities without introducing culture biases. This recently online published study describes the fascinating association between the mechanism of injury and the microbiota of the wounds.

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