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First case series describing T2-T3 disc protrusions in German Shepherds
Although intervertebral disc degeneration can occur at any level of the spine, cervical and thoraco-lumbar discs are more commonly affected. The presence of the inter-capital ligament between the rib heads results in an extremely low incidence of cranial thoracic intervertebral disc herniation. In this case series, the clinical, radiological, and surgical findings, as well as the post-operative outcome, in three German Shepherd dogs with T2-T3 disc protrusions is reported.

These dogs had chronic progressive paraparesis and lumbar myelography and post-myelographic computerised tomography revealed ventrolateral, extra-dural spinal cord compressions over the T2-T3 intervertebral disc.

All animals exhibited transient deterioration in their clinical signs and one developed unilateral Horner`s syndrome following T2-T3 hemi-dorsal laminectomy.

Subsequently two of the dogs improved progressively and neurological dysfunction had completely resolved by 2 months.


Source: Gaitero L, Añor S. (2009): Cranial thoracic disc protrusions in three German Shepherd dogs. In: Vet J. 2009 Nov;182(2):349-51. Epub 2008 Aug 8.



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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