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Probiotics and the faecal microflora in healthy pet rabbits
Probiotics are frequently used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases in pet rabbits based largely on anecdotal evidence of a beneficial effect. However, there has been little work performed to assess any such benefit in health or disease. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of probiotics on faecal levels of four important candidate gastrointestinal bacteria (Bacteroides species, Enterococcus faecium, Fibrobacter succinogenes and Clostridium spiroforme) in pet rabbits. Additional aims were to evaluate the effect of probiotics on bodyweight and faecal weight and diameter.


A double-blind triple cross-over study was performed in six healthy rabbits orally administered two probiotic strains, Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCYC Sc47 and E. faecium NCIMB 30183. Levels of bacteria in faecal pellets were subsequently determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

Oral administration of probiotic E. faecium NCIMB 30183 was associated with a significant (P = 0 · 042) increase in faecal levels of E. faecium.

However, probiotic treatment did not affect faecal levels of Bacteroides species, F. succinogenes or C. spiroforme, bodyweight, or faecal weight and diameter.

The inclusion of dietary probiotic supplementation using E. faecium NCIMB 30183 can increase faecal levels of certain bacterial flora of healthy adult rabbits.

Further work is required to investigate the effects of probiotics in animals affected with gastrointestinal disease.


Source: Benato, L., Hastie, P., O`Shaughnessy, P., Murray, J.-A. and Meredith, A. (2014), Effects of probiotic Enterococcus faecium and Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the faecal microflora of pet rabbits. Journal of Small Animal Practice. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12242


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Sonography vs percutaneous palpation to identify targeted thoracolumbar intervertebral disc spacesmembers
During minimally invasive spinal surgery, correct identification of the affected intervertebral disc space is critical. Percutaneous palpation is commonly used, but results may be unreliable. Fluoroscopy is the gold standard but can be cumbersome and exposes operators to ionizing radiation. Spinal ultrasound has been described in veterinary medicine and could be a feasible alternative. This prospective, methods comparison study mimicked a minimally invasive spinal surgery in 10 canine cadavers and compared the accuracy of ultrasound and percutaneous palpation for thoracolumbar intervertebral disc space identification, using fluoroscopy as the reference standard.

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