|Forty-nine dogs with automated PLT < 30,000/Î¼L because of presumed primary IMT and hematocrit (HCT), PCT, MPV, and platelet distribution width determined from the same complete blood count (CBC), and 46 healthy controls.
Case-control retrospective study; PLT, PCT, MPV, and platelet distribution width (PDW) were recorded from CBCs from 49 dogs, with 45 having data collected on the day of presentation.
Fifteen were confirmed to have attained a PLT â‰¥ 75,000/Î¼L on at least 1 CBC within 15 days after admission.
The PCT equivalent to a PLT of 75,000/Î¼L (assuming an average MPV) was calculated for comparison with PLT in terms of time to achieve a threshold of platelet mass by the 2 measures.
Mean platelet volume was higher in IMT dogs (17.3 fl) than the reference population (10.5 fl) (P < .0001).
The PDW was not significantly different among the groups.
The median time for PCT to reach threshold in confirmed responders was faster (3 days) compared with PLT (4 days).
Immune-mediated thrombocytopenia is characterized by increased MPV.
Time to achieve a threshold PCT tended to be shorter than PLT, suggesting that PCT may be a useful platelet parameter for monitoring dogs with IMT.
Source: Schwartz, D., Sharkey, L., Armstrong, P.J., Knudson, C. and Kelley, J. (2014), Platelet Volume and Plateletcrit in Dogs with Presumed Primary Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. doi: 10.1111/jvim.12405
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