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Surgical biopsy of the canine and feline pancreas - complications and results
Taking good pancreas biopsies can be a real challenge - postoperative and intraoperative complications are common and the result of the histopathological examination is sometimes disappointing. This new study assesses the immediate postoperative complications associated with pancreatic biopsy in dogs and cats and review the clinical relevance of biopsy findings.

Twenty-four dogs and 19 cats that had surgical pancreatic biopsy had sufficient detail in their clinical records and fulfilled the inclusion criteria.

Postoperative complications were seen in 10 cases of which 5 were suggestive of post-surgical pancreatitis.

Two patients were euthanased within 10 days of surgery because of the underlying disease; neither suffered postoperative complications.

Pancreatic pathology was found in 19 cases, 7 cases showed no change other than benign pancreatic nodular hyperplasia, and no abnormalities were seen in 18 cases.

Complications may be encountered following surgical pancreatic biopsy, although the risk should be minimal with good surgical technique.

Pancreatic biopsy may provide a useful contribution to case management but it is not clear whether a negative pancreatic biopsy should be used to rule out pancreatic disease.

Dogs were more likely to have no significant pathology found on pancreatic biopsy than cats, where chronic pancreatitis was the most common finding.


Source: Pratschke, K. M., Ryan, J., McAlinden, A. and McLauchlan, G. (2014), Pancreatic surgical biopsy in 24 dogs and 19 cats: postoperative complications and clinical relevance of histological findings. Journal of Small Animal Practice. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12262


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

RET-He to diagnose iron-deficient erythropoiesis in dogsmembers
Reticulocyte hemoglobin content provided by the Siemens ADVIA (CHr) is an established marker of iron deficiency. The IDEXX ProCyte Dx hematology analyzer now provides a similar variable, reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He).
The objectives of this study were to evaluate RET-He and its diagnostic utility in dogs, and to calculate a cutoff value for diagnosing iron-deficient erythropoiesis (IDE).

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