Home
http://www.virbac.fr/ http://www.boehringer-ingelheim.com/ http://www.novartis.com/ http://www.animalhealth.bayerhealthcare.com/
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  WELCOME  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Privacy Policy  
  Home  
  Login / Newsletter  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  CONTACTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Classifieds  
  New Products  
  VetCompanies  
  VetSchools  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PROFESSION  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Edutainment  
  VetAgenda  
  Presentations  
  Posters  
  ESAVS  
  Specialisation  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  INSIGHT  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Congress News  
  Picture Galleries  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PRODUCTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Bayer  
  Boehringer Ing.  
  Novartis  
  Virbac

 
  Simply book for less...  
    

Bovine    Equine    Small Animal Practice    Swine Practice    Articles    Vetjournal    
deutsch english español polski francais
Home / WELCOME / Archiv / Small Animal Practice /     
 
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs and cats
Cardiopulmonary arrest requires prompt and effective resuscitation, but even if the setting seems optimal the mortality rate is quite high. This study on more then 150 dogs and cats was performed to prospectively describe cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and evaluate factors associated with outcome in dogs and cats with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA).

One hundred twenty-one dogs and 30 cats that underwent CPR were included.

Supervising clinicians completed a data form immediately following completion of CPR.

Eighty-seven (58%) animals attained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), 49 (32%) had ROSC >20 minutes, 15 (10%) were alive at 24 hours, and 8 (5%) were discharged alive.

Cardiovascular abnormalities were the most common suspected precipitating cause of CPA (51/151, 34%).

Presence of an IV catheter before CPA (P = 0.01) and the presence of palpable pulses during CPR (P = 0.007) were both associated with ROSC. Increased time from CPA to CPR (P = 0.04), longer duration of CPR (P < 0.0001), and neurologic cause of arrest (P = 0.02) were associated with not achieving ROSC.

There was no association between ROSC and the initial arrest rhythm identified on ECG, animal weight, number of people present, and ventilation or compression rate.

In patients achieving ROSC, those with a “survived event” were more likely to be euthanized and less likely to experience a second CPA than those with ROSC ≤ 20 minutes.

Thirty-four percent of patients submitted for necropsy had gross and histological lesions considered secondary to CPR.

Thus, early CPR interventions were associated with a greater likelihood of ROSC, emphasizing the importance of prompt recognition, and initiation of CPR efforts.

Although ROSC rates in this study were comparable or higher than previous human and veterinary studies, the rate of “survived events” was lower than that reported in human patients.

This may suggest that advances in post CPR care could have benefits to the veterinary CPR patient in the future.


Source: McIntyre, R. L., Hopper, K. and Epstein, S. E. (2014), Assessment of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in 121 dogs and 30 cats at a university teaching hospital (2009–2012). Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 24: 693–704. doi: 10.1111/vec.12250


Tell a friend   |   Print version   |   Send this article

SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Proteasome inhibitors for canine and human osteosarcomamembers
Osteosarcoma, a common malignancy in large dog breeds, typically metastasises from long bones to lungs and is usually fatal within 1 to 2 years of diagnosis. Better therapies are needed for canine patients and their human counterparts, a third of whom die within 5 years of diagnosis. The authors compared the in vitro sensitivity of canine osteosarcoma cells derived from 4 tumours to the currently used chemotherapy drugs doxorubicin and carboplatin, and 4 new anti‐cancer drugs.

  • Pharmacokinetics of a novel mirtazapine transdermal ointment in catsmembers
  • Bacterial contamination in 50% dextrose vials after multiple puncturesmembers
  • Sotalol and the ventricular systolic function in dogs with ventricular arrhythmiasmembers
  • Life-threatening arterial haemorrhage during nephrectomymembers
  • Update to the chinchilla retinamembers
  • Vocal fold granulomas in brachycephalic dogsmembers
  • Extracellular vesicles in mammary cancer of dogs and catsmembers
  • Immunocytochemical assay using aqueous humor to diagnose feline infectious peritonitis members
  • Microbiota of traumatic, open fracture wounds and the mechanism of injury members
  • False-positive CT and radiography results for bronchial collapse in healthy dogsmembers
  • Variability of SDMA in apparently healthy dogsmembers
  • Bioavailability of suppository acetaminophen in dogsmembers


  • [ Home ] [ About ] [ Contact / Request ] [ Privacy Policy ]

    Copyright © 2001-2018 VetContact GmbH
    All rights reserved