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Changes in Cyclooxygenase-2 and 5-Lipoxygenase in Dogs with Chronic Enteropathies
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is the major source of leukotrienes. Their role in IBD has been demonstrated in humans and animal models, but not in dogs with chronic enteropathies (CCE). Are COX-2 and 5-LO upregulated in dogs with CCE as proven in variety of other inflammatory diseases?



Fifteen healthy control dogs (HCD), 10 dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and 15 dogs with food-responsive diarrhea (FRD) were included in this prospective study.

mRNA expression of COX-2, 5-LO, IL-1b, IL-4, IL-6, TNF, IL-10 and TFG-β was evaluated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR in duodenal and colonic biopsies before and after treatment.

COX-2 expression in the colon was significantly higher in IBD and FRD before and after treatment (all P < .01).

IL-1b was higher in FRD in the duodenum after treatment (P = .021).

TGF-β expression was significantly higher in the duodenum of HCD compared to FRD/IBD before treatment (both P < .001) and IBD after treatment (P = .012).

There were no significant differences among groups and within groups before and after treatment for IL-4, IL-6, TNF, and IL-10.

There was a significant correlation between COX-2 and IL-1b in duodenum and colon before treatment in FRD and IBD, whereas 5-LO correlated better with IL-6 and TNF.

IL-10 and TGF-β usually were correlated.

COX-2 is upregulated in IBD and FRD, whereas IL-1b and TGF-β seem to be important pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, respectively.

The use of dual COX/5-LO inhibitors could be an interesting alternative in the treatment of CCE.


Source: Dumusc, S.D., Ontsouka, E.C., Schnyder, M., Hartnack, S., Albrecht, C., Bruckmaier, R.M. and Burgener, I.A. (2014), Cyclooxygenase-2 and 5-Lipoxygenase in Dogs with Chronic Enteropathies. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 28: 1684–1691. doi: 10.1111/jvim.12463



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