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Novel technique for severe maxillofacial fractures in dogs
Traumata leading to maxillofacial fractures in dogs occasionally happen and the surgical repair can be extremely difficult at this location. This recently published case series describes internal fixation for maxillofacial fractures using titanium miniplates and report outcome in 7 dogs.

Skeletally mature dogs (n = 7) with maxillofacial fractures were enrolled.

After CT evaluation of fracture configuration, using a combination of extraoral and intraoral approaches as needed, non-locking titanium miniplates were contoured to match the normal anatomy of the fractured bones.

Plates were secured using non-locking titanium screws and then covered with a soft-tissue envelope followed by routine intraoral and extraoral closure.

Fractures healed rapidly after reconstruction with immediate return to normal function and occlusion.

Follow-up time of up to 94 months indicated excellent long-term function and general lack of complications.

One dog developed nasal aspergillosis 1.5 years after surgery and the miniplates were removed without adverse consequences.

Internal fixation for maxillofacial reconstruction using titanium miniplates is an excellent solution for the treatment of comminuted and displaced maxillofacial fractures in dogs.

Source: Arzi, B. and Verstraete, F. J.M. (2015), Internal Fixation of Severe Maxillofacial Fractures in Dogs. Veterinary Surgery, 44: 437–442. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12161.x



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

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