Home
http://www.virbac.fr/ http://www.boehringer-ingelheim.com/ http://www.novartis.com/ http://www.animalhealth.bayerhealthcare.com/
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  WELCOME  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Privacy Policy  
  Home  
  Login / Newsletter  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  CONTACTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Classifieds  
  New Products  
  VetCompanies  
  VetSchools  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PROFESSION  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Edutainment  
  VetAgenda  
  Presentations  
  Posters  
  ESAVS  
  Specialisation  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  INSIGHT  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Congress News  
  Picture Galleries  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PRODUCTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Bayer  
  Boehringer Ing.  
  Novartis  
  Virbac

 
  Simply book for less...  
    

Bovine    Equine    Small Animal Practice    Swine Practice    Articles    Vetjournal    
deutsch english español polski francais
Home / WELCOME / Archiv / Small Animal Practice /     
 
Albumin replacement in the critically ill veterinary patient
Bayer1894.jpg
Picture ©: Bayer Animal Health

Albumin is one of the most important proteins in the body maintaining diverse vital functions. In human medicine, much is known about hypoalbuminemia, its reasons and therapy. This excellent review article gives the key informations about hypoalbuminemia available in veterinary medicine and describes when and how albumin supplementation should be performed.

Hypoalbuminemia in men often occurs in a variety of critical illnesses, and contributes to the development of life-threatening complications, including pulmonary edema, delayed wound healing, feeding intolerance, hypercoaguability, and multiple organ dysfunction.
Serum albumin concentration has been used as a prognostic indicator in cases of chronic hypoalbuminemia.
The use of albumin replacement therapy in humans is sometimes controversial, but may be associated with improved morbidity and decreased mortality.

Unlike human literature, there is a paucity of controlled clinical studies in the literature regarding albumin supplementation in veterinary patients.
Rather, the majority of published studies were performed in experimental animals or via retrospective analyses.
One recent study evaluated the use of plasma to improve albumin concentration in dogs with hypoalbuminemia.
Other older studies investigated wound healing in dogs with experimentally induced hypoalbuminemia. As in human medicine, serum albumin concentration may be helpful as a prognostic indicator in critically ill dogs.

Conclusion: Albumin is one of the most important proteins in the body because of its role in maintenance of colloid oncotic pressure, substrate transport, buffering capacity, as a mediator of coagulation and wound healing, and free-radical scavenging.

Albumin replacement in veterinary medicine is difficult, but until prospective clinical trials determine the efficacy of albumin replacement are conducted, a suggested clinical guideline would be to maintain albumin concentration at or above 2.0 g/dl utilizing fresh frozen plasma.


Source: Mazzaferro, Elisa M., Rudloff, Elke & Kirby, Rebecca (2002): The role of albumin replacement in the critically ill veterinary patient. In: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care 12 (2), 113-124.




Tell a friend   |   Print version   |   Send this article

SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Novel intratumoral therapy in canine transmissible venereal tumourmembers
Canine transmissible venereal tumour (CTVT) is a naturally occurring contagious neoplasm of dogs located mainly on the external genitalia of both sexes. The course of vincristine chemotherapy, the most effective and practical therapy, is affected by the immune status of the host. The aim was to investigate recombinant human interferon alpha‐2a (rhIFNα‐2a) and vincristine for treatment of CTVT.

  • Long-term outcome of dogs with primary immune-mediated thrombocytopeniamembers
  • Insulin treatment and IGF-I in cats with diabetes mellitusmembers
  • Color doppler ultrasound in neoplastic and non-neoplastic canine testicles members
  • Computed tomographic arthrography of the canine shoulder joint members
  • Prognostic scoring system for dogs managed with hemodialysismembers
  • Sonography vs percutaneous palpation to identify targeted thoracolumbar intervertebral disc spacesmembers
  • Distribution of alveolar-interstitial syndrome in dogs and cats with respiratory distress members
  • Disorders of sex development in catsmembers
  • Core ocular surface microbiome in dogsmembers
  • ACVIM small animal consensus statement on safe use of cytotoxic chemotherapeutics members
  • MRI imaging of masticatory muscles in basset houndsmembers
  • Mucosal microbiota, gastrointestinal inflammation and small cell intestinal lymphoma in cats members


  • [ Home ] [ About ] [ Contact / Request ] [ Privacy Policy ]

    Copyright © 2001-2018 VetContact GmbH
    All rights reserved