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Reasons for nontraumatic hemoabdomen in dogs
Acute hemoabdomen in dogs is one of the frequently seen emergencies especially in referring and emregency clinics. Commonly, there is a history of trauma. But which reasons have to be concerned in cases of nontraumatic hemoabdomen? This very interesting retrospective study lists the diagnoses of 39 cases.

The medical records of 39 dogs with acute nontraumatic hemoabdomen were identified and reviewed.

Anemia and hypoalbuminemia were identified in 36/37 (97%) and 25/33 (76%) dogs, respectively.

Coagulopathies were identified in 26/31 (84%) dogs.
When a definitive diagnosis was obtained, malignant neoplasia was diagnosed most frequently and occurred in 24/30 (80%) dogs.

Hemangiosarcoma accounted for 21/30 (70%) diagnoses.

Sixteen dogs underwent exploratory laparotomy, of which seven (44%) survived the perioperative period. Of the dogs that did not undergo surgery, 9/23 (39%) survived to be discharged from the hospital.


Source: Jason Pintar, Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Elizabeth M. Hardie, Kathy A. Spaulding (2003): Acute Nontraumatic Hemoabdomen in the Dog: A Retrospective Analysis of 39 Cases (1987–2001)
In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:518-522 (2003)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

The expression of Vitamin D receptors in dogs
There is growing evidence linking low blood vitamin D concentration to numerous diseases in people and in dogs. Vitamin D influences cellular function by signaling through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Little is known about which non-skeletal tissues express the VDR or how inflammation influences its expression in the dog.
The objectives of this recently online published study were to define which non-skeletal canine tissues express the VDR and to investigate expression in inflamed small intestine.

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