|The medical records of 39 dogs with acute nontraumatic hemoabdomen were identified and reviewed.
Anemia and hypoalbuminemia were identified in 36/37 (97%) and 25/33 (76%) dogs, respectively.
Coagulopathies were identified in 26/31 (84%) dogs.
When a definitive diagnosis was obtained, malignant neoplasia was diagnosed most frequently and occurred in 24/30 (80%) dogs.
Hemangiosarcoma accounted for 21/30 (70%) diagnoses.
Sixteen dogs underwent exploratory laparotomy, of which seven (44%) survived the perioperative period. Of the dogs that did not undergo surgery, 9/23 (39%) survived to be discharged from the hospital.
Source: Jason Pintar, Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Elizabeth M. Hardie, Kathy A. Spaulding (2003): Acute Nontraumatic Hemoabdomen in the Dog: A Retrospective Analysis of 39 Cases (1987Â2001)
In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:518-522 (2003)
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