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Antibiotic nonsurgical treatment of septic arthritis
Five dogs were included in this study, treated with antibiotics according their synovial fluid culture. The way of infection was hematogenous, and all patients showed complete clinical resolution without residual deficits.

This retrospective study evaluates the effectiveness of nonsurgical treatment using antibiotics to treat hematogenous septic arthritis in five dogs.

Giant-breed dogs were over-represented, with all dogs <1 year of age. Synovial fluid cultures were positive in all cases, with common bacterial species isolated that included Streptococcus B-haemolytic spp., Pasteurella multocida, and Staphylococcus intermedius.

Dogs treated with appropriate duration and selection of antibiotics had clinical resolution with no residual deficits.

This report and a previous clinical report demonstrate that hematogenous septic arthritis can be successfully treated nonsurgically with antibiotic therapy.

Source: Randall B. Fitch, Tara C. Hogan, Simon T. Kudnig (2003): Hematogenous Septic Arthritis in the Dog: Results of Five Patients Treated Nonsurgically With Antibiotics. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:563-566 (2003)






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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Computed tomographic arthrography of the canine shoulder joint members
The aim of this retrospective, methods comparison study was to assess the diagnostic utility of computed tomographic arthrography in the assessment of various intraarticular shoulder pathologies in dogs in comparison with survey computed tomography (CT), using arthroscopic examination as the reference standard. Computed tomography, computed tomographic arthrography, and arthroscopic findings of 46 scapulohumeral joints of dogs with forelimb lameness were reviewed retrospectively.

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