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Acepromazine, propofol and the ECG in cats
The application of propofol after pre-medication with acepromazine is commonly done in small animal practice. But it leads to reduction in heart rate and in systolic pressure that needs to be considered in sick animals - no problem in healthy cats.

The study, a prospective, uncontrolled experimental trial, included twenty healthy adult crossbred male and female cats aged between 3 and 5 years, weighing 2.8-5.0 kg (mean 3.9 kg).

Cats were pre-medicated with acepromazine 0.1 mg kg1 subcutaneously and anesthesia was induced with intravenous (IV) propofol 6 mg kg1 and maintained with a continuous infusion of propofol at 0.5 mg kg1 minute1 for 60 minutes.

Electrocardiographic parameters and systolic blood pressure obtained by Doppler ultrasound were recorded before pre-medication (T0), 30 (T30), and 60 (T60) minutes after beginning the continuous infusion, and 30 minutes after its cessation (T90). Repeated measures anova was used to perform statistical analysis.

A significant decrease in heart rate was observed at all time points when compared with T0 values. The PR interval increased significantly at T60 and T90. Systolic blood pressures during anesthesia were significantly lower than at T0 and T90.

The changes seen were not clinically important in normal cats but given the reduction in heart rate and systolic blood pressure, careful consideration should be given before using this technique in patients in which hypotension or a reduction in heart rate would be poorly tolerated.

Source: Pereira, Guilherme G, Larsson, Maria Helena MA, Yamaki, Fernanda L, Soares, Elaine C, Yamato, Ronaldo J, Neto, Moacir L, Froes, Tilde R & Bastos, Luciana V (2004): Effects of propofol on the electrocardiogram and systolic blood pressure of healthy cats pre-medicated with acepromazine. In: Veterinary Anaesthesiology and Analgesia 31 (3), 235-238.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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