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UTI caused by candida spp. in dogs and cats
Urinary tract infections are commonly diagnosed in small animal practice, but the majority of them is caused by bacteria. What does animals predispose to get yeast infections? This interesting question is answered by the results of this retrospective study in 20 animals.

Records from 13 dogs and seven cats with Candida spp. urinary tract infections were reviewed.

Six Candida spp. were isolated; Candida albicans was the most common isolate.

Concurrent diseases or nonantifungal drugs administered within 1 month of isolation included antibiotics (n=16), corticosteroids (n=6), diabetes mellitus (n=4), nonurogenital neoplasia (n=3), and noncandidal urogenital disease (n=14).

All animals had sources of local or systemic immune compromise that likely predisposed to infection.

Of five animals with resolution of infection, three did not receive specific antifungal treatment.

The authors conclude that correction of predisposing conditions is likely critical for management of Candida spp. urinary tract infection.


Source: Barrak M. Pressler, Shelly L. Vaden, India F. Lane, Larry D. Cowgill, Janice A. Dye (2003): Candida spp. Urinary Tract Infections in 13 Dogs and Seven Cats: Predisposing Factors, Treatment, and Outcome. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:263-270 (2003)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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