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Percutaneous ultrasound-guided drainage of prostatic abscesses and cysts
Prostatic abscesses and/or cysts are common and sometimes life-threatening problems especially in middle-aged and older dogs. This article describes a new, effective and well tolerated technique as an alternative to surgery in the treatment of these problems.

Thirteen dogs with prostatic abscesses and cysts were treated using percutaneous ultrasound-guided drainage.

Eight dogs were diagnosed with prostatic abscesses and five with cysts on the basis of cytopathological examination and bacterial culture of the prostatic fluid.

Antibiotic therapy, based on culture and sensitivity results, was administered for a minimum of 4 weeks. Intact dogs were castrated after initial drainage.

Repeat ultrasonography of the prostate was performed every 1 to 6 weeks, and any residual cavitary lesions were drained and fluid analysis repeated.

The median number of drainage procedures required to completely resolve the lesions was two (range, one to four).

No complications were observed after drainage, and clinical signs resolved in all dogs. None of the dogs developed clinical signs of recurrent abscesses or cysts in the follow-up period (median, 36 months; range, 10 to 50 months).

Ultrasound-guided, percutaneous drainage of prostatic abscesses and cysts appears to be a useful alternative to surgical treatment in select dogs.


Source: Lori E. Boland, Robert J. Hardie, Susan P. Gregory, Christopher R. Lamb (2003): Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Drainage as the Primary Treatment for Prostatic Abscesses and Cysts in Dogs. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:151-159 (2003)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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