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Quickert-Rathbun technique for entropion correction in dogs
Correction of entropion is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in small animal practice, also done by non-ophthalmologists. The cosmetic results are not always satisfactory. Is this new technique with a fornix-based suture placement an alternative to the `classic` correction techniques?

Lower eyelid entropion with resultant trichiasis was corrected in 10 dogs using fornix-based suture placement similar to that employed in the Quickert-Rathbun technique used in man.

A double-ended suture was placed originating at the deepest extent of the fornix and exiting the lid 1-2 mm from the eyelid margin. Degree of correction was assessed visually immediately after surgery and at re-examination with a follow-up period of up to 6 months.

Fornix-based suture placement led to immediate eversion of the eyelid in each case and thus amelioration of the trichiasis in all dogs. In two cases eyelid eversion initially appeared over-corrected and in two cases exposure of conjunctival tissue was evident initially at the palpebral margin.

In all cases, however, such complications were transient with long-term results giving an acceptable apposition between ocular surface and eyelid margin in all adult dogs.

In three juvenile dogs on which the technique was used, further surgical treatment was required as the puppies grew.

Fornix-based suture placement is a novel approach to entropion correction in the dog which yields acceptable results in the majority of suitable cases without recourse to incisional surgery.


Source: Williams, David L. (2004): Entropion correction by fornix-based suture placement: use of the Quickert-Rathbun technique in ten dogs. In: Veterinary Ophthalmology 7 (5), 343-347.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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