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Diabetes mellitus and occult urinary tract infections
Diabetic dogs tend to develop recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) and should be monitored for this complication. But is it sufficient just to do routine urinalysis? This study shows that bacterial cultures are the only way to identify or exclude bacterial UTI´s!

In this study, diabetic dogs with negative and positive bacterial urine cultures were compared. Records from 51 dogs with diabetes mellitus were reviewed at the University of Illinois.

No difference was identified between the groups in urine specific gravity, pH, glucose, ketones, protein, red blood cells, white blood cells, or epithelial cells.

Dogs with occult urinary tract infection did have an increased incidence of bacteriuria, but this was not a consistent finding.

Therefore, the urine on all diabetic dogs should be cultured to accurately identify the presence or absence of bacterial urinary tract infections.


Source: Nancy C. McGuire, Rhonda Schulman, Marcella D. Ridgway, German Bollero (2002): Detection of Occult Urinary Tract Infections in Dogs With Diabetes Mellitus. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:541-544 (2002)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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