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Diabetes mellitus and occult urinary tract infections
Diabetic dogs tend to develop recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) and should be monitored for this complication. But is it sufficient just to do routine urinalysis? This study shows that bacterial cultures are the only way to identify or exclude bacterial UTI´s!

In this study, diabetic dogs with negative and positive bacterial urine cultures were compared. Records from 51 dogs with diabetes mellitus were reviewed at the University of Illinois.

No difference was identified between the groups in urine specific gravity, pH, glucose, ketones, protein, red blood cells, white blood cells, or epithelial cells.

Dogs with occult urinary tract infection did have an increased incidence of bacteriuria, but this was not a consistent finding.

Therefore, the urine on all diabetic dogs should be cultured to accurately identify the presence or absence of bacterial urinary tract infections.


Source: Nancy C. McGuire, Rhonda Schulman, Marcella D. Ridgway, German Bollero (2002): Detection of Occult Urinary Tract Infections in Dogs With Diabetes Mellitus. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:541-544 (2002)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Variability of SDMA in apparently healthy dogsmembers
Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a screening tool for early kidney dysfunction and monitoring treatment in cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are no current studies describing the suitability of this test for use with published population‐based reference intervals. The objectives of this study were to determine the components of biological variability, the index of individuality (IOI), the critical difference between sequential measurements (CD) and the number of measurements required to assess the homeostatic set point (HSP), for both SDMA and serum creatinine (sCr), in apparently healthy dogs.

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