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Chronic expanding hematoma-like disease in five puppies
Chronic expanding hematomas are rarely seen in humans and fairly unknown in dogs. This very interesting case report from France describes five puppies with a similar history, similar clinical signs and the same response to surgical therapy. Cervical expanding hematomas might be more common than previously thought.

Five puppies were presented to the Alfort National Veterinary School for a rapidly expanding, well-demarcated, subcutaneous cervical mass of a few daysÂ’ duration.

In all cases, previous trauma was reported. Fine-needle aspiration of the mass in each case revealed a serosanguineous fluid containing mainly erythrocytes, with a total protein concentration ranging from 3.5 to 5.2 g/dL.

Coagulation tests failed to reveal any coagulation disorder.

En-bloc surgical removal of the fluid-filled mass associated with short-term postoperative drainage was curative in all cases.

Histopathological examination of the mass revealed encapsulated hematoma. The disease resembles chronic expanding hematoma in humans.



Source: A. J. Deneuche, V. T. Viateau, L. Boulouha (2002): Cervical Expanding Hematomas in Dogs: Five Cases. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:533-540 (2002)



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