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Bacteria isolates from skin and ears over 6 years
Staphylococcus intermedius is by far the most common bacteria isolated in superficial pyoderma, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is commonly involved in ear infections. Did their frequency change over the years, and did their antibacterial resistance change. Very important questions for adequate therapy- One of the results of this retrospective study: Psueudomonas ear infections are raising, and one should always do antibiogramms when Pseudomonas aeruginosa is isolated.

Staphylococcus intermedius (S. intermedius) was isolated from 88.6% and 49.4% of skin and ear samples, respectively, during the years 1992 through 1997, and frequency of isolation remained unchanged.

More than 95% of all S. intermedius isolates were susceptible to cephalothin and oxacillin, providing support for empirical treatment of canine skin and ear infections with cephalexin.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) was isolated from 7.5% and 27.8% of skin and ear samples, respectively.

The frequency of isolation from skin samples increased over the study period.

Because of multidrug-resistant profiles for P. aeruginosa isolates, especially for ear isolates, empirical treatment of P. aeruginosa infections is not advisable.

Source: Annette D. Petersen, Robert D. Walker, Mark M. Bowman, Harold C. Schott, Edmund J. Rosser (2002): Frequency of Isolation and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Staphylococcus intermedius and Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Canine Skin and Ear Samples Over a 6-Year Period (1992–1997). In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:407-413 (2002)


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Sonography vs percutaneous palpation to identify targeted thoracolumbar intervertebral disc spacesmembers
During minimally invasive spinal surgery, correct identification of the affected intervertebral disc space is critical. Percutaneous palpation is commonly used, but results may be unreliable. Fluoroscopy is the gold standard but can be cumbersome and exposes operators to ionizing radiation. Spinal ultrasound has been described in veterinary medicine and could be a feasible alternative. This prospective, methods comparison study mimicked a minimally invasive spinal surgery in 10 canine cadavers and compared the accuracy of ultrasound and percutaneous palpation for thoracolumbar intervertebral disc space identification, using fluoroscopy as the reference standard.

  • Distribution of alveolar-interstitial syndrome in dogs and cats with respiratory distress members
  • Lymph node FNAC for the staging of malignant solid tumors
  • Unexpected signs in a young dog with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia
  • Disorders of sex development in catsmembers
  • Core ocular surface microbiome in dogsmembers
  • ACVIM small animal consensus statement on safe use of cytotoxic chemotherapeutics members
  • MRI imaging of masticatory muscles in basset houndsmembers
  • Mucosal microbiota, gastrointestinal inflammation and small cell intestinal lymphoma in cats members
  • Efficacy of pentamidine analogue 6 in dogs with chronic atrial fibrillationmembers
  • Tick-borne relapsing fever in various speciesmembers
  • Canine hyperadrenocorticism associations with signalment, selected comorbidities and mortality members
  • Intracameral injection of epinephrine and 2% lidocaine in the eyes of healthy catsmembers


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