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Bacteria isolates from skin and ears over 6 years
Staphylococcus intermedius is by far the most common bacteria isolated in superficial pyoderma, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is commonly involved in ear infections. Did their frequency change over the years, and did their antibacterial resistance change. Very important questions for adequate therapy- One of the results of this retrospective study: Psueudomonas ear infections are raising, and one should always do antibiogramms when Pseudomonas aeruginosa is isolated.

Staphylococcus intermedius (S. intermedius) was isolated from 88.6% and 49.4% of skin and ear samples, respectively, during the years 1992 through 1997, and frequency of isolation remained unchanged.

More than 95% of all S. intermedius isolates were susceptible to cephalothin and oxacillin, providing support for empirical treatment of canine skin and ear infections with cephalexin.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) was isolated from 7.5% and 27.8% of skin and ear samples, respectively.

The frequency of isolation from skin samples increased over the study period.

Because of multidrug-resistant profiles for P. aeruginosa isolates, especially for ear isolates, empirical treatment of P. aeruginosa infections is not advisable.

Source: Annette D. Petersen, Robert D. Walker, Mark M. Bowman, Harold C. Schott, Edmund J. Rosser (2002): Frequency of Isolation and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Staphylococcus intermedius and Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Canine Skin and Ear Samples Over a 6-Year Period (1992–1997). In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:407-413 (2002)


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Bioavailability of suppository acetaminophen in dogsmembers
Does acetaminophen reach a satisfactory biovailability in dogs? An interesting question! This recently published study enrolling healthy and ill animals determines the plasma pharmacokinetics of suppository acetaminophen (APAP). Six healthy client‐owned and 20 clinically ill hospitalized dogs were included in this prospective study.

  • Computed tomographic lymphography for lymph node staging in dogs with malignant tumors members
  • Characterization of ocular melanosis-affected canine melanocytesmembers
  • Nasopharyngeal sialoceles in brachycephalic dogsmembers
  • Enterococcus faecium SF68 on serum cobalamin and folate concentrationsmembers
  • Gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia limited to the mesentery in a catmembers
  • Ion acid-base disturbances and associated mortality in dogsmembers
  • First description of ultrasonic bone curette in canine otic surgerymembers
  • Staining hair samples with a modified Wright-Giemsa stain to diagnose feline dermatophytosismembers
  • Oral extended release hydrocodone as analgesia after TPLOmembers
  • 25OH vitamin D3 serum concentration in dogs with acute polyradiculoneuritismembers
  • Type 1 immune mediated polyarthritis in dogs and temporal relationship to vaccination members
  • Phosphorus and protein supply before diagnosis of chronic kidney disease members


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