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The temperature of lavage solution and the body temperature in dogs with celiotomy
Intraoperative abdominal lavage is indicated in many surgical procedures. But what temperature should be chosen for the lavage solution? Often the decision is made empirically. This study compares the effects of room-temperature and heated (43±2°C) solutions in abdominal surgery.

To document the magnitude of temperature elevation obtained with heated lavage solutions during abdominal lavage, 18 dogs were lavaged with sterile isotonic saline intraoperatively (i.e., during a celiotomy).

In nine dogs, room-temperature saline was used. In the remaining nine dogs, saline heated to 43±2°C (110±4°F) was used.

Esophageal, rectal, and tympanic temperatures were recorded every 60 seconds for 15 minutes after initiation of the lavage.

Temperature levels decreased in dogs lavaged with room-temperature saline. Temperature levels increased significantly in dogs lavaged with heated saline after 2 to 6 minutes of lavage, and temperatures continued to increase throughout the 15-minute lavage period.

Source: Michael A. Nawrocki, Ron McLaughlin, P. K. Hendrix (2005): The Effects of Heated and Room-Temperature Abdominal Lavage Solutions on Core Body Temperature in Dogs Undergoing Celiotomy. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 41:61-67 (2005)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Shock index in identifying acute blood loss in healthy dogs
Does the shock index (SI) increase following blood donation and is it a more sensitive assessment of acute blood loss as heart rate (HR), blood pressure, and plasma Lactate? An interesting question! 20 client-owned clinically normal dogs were enrolled in this prospective study.

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