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Partial or complete foot amputation in dogs?
Malignant tumors of the digits occur sometimes in dogs - often they are malignant melanomas or squamous cell carcinomas which sholud be excised widely. The discussion if the whole or a part of the leg or only a digit should be amputated is sometimes controversely even between surgeons. This retrospective study including 11 dogs might help to clear the situation.

Eleven dogs with malignant tumors of the digits and feet were treated with partial foot amputation.

Partial foot amputation involved amputation of one or both central weight-bearing digits.

Lameness occurred in all dogs but resolved in eight dogs at a median of 37 days postoperatively.

In the remaining three dogs, lameness improved but did not resolve.

Tumor control was excellent, with no evidence of local recurrence in 10 dogs.

One dog underwent limb amputation.

Based on these results, partial foot amputation may be recommended in the management of malignant tumors of the canine foot in which more than one digit must be amputated to achieve adequate surgical margins.



Source: Julius M. Liptak, William S. Dernell, Scott A. Rizzo, Stephen J. Withrow (2005): Partial Foot Amputation in 11 Dogs. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 41:47-55 (2005)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

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