Home
http://www.virbac.fr/ http://www.boehringer-ingelheim.com/ http://www.novartis.com/ http://www.animalhealth.bayerhealthcare.com/
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  WELCOME  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Home  
  Login / Newsletter  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  CONTACTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Classifieds  
  New Products  
  VetCompanies  
  VetSchools  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PROFESSION  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Edutainment  
  VetAgenda  
  Presentations  
  Posters  
  ESAVS  
  Specialisation  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  INSIGHT  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Congress News  
  Picture Galleries  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PRODUCTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Bayer  
  Boehringer Ing.  
  Novartis  
  Virbac

 
  Simply book for less...  
    

Bovine    Equine    Small Animal Practice    Swine Practice    Articles    Vetjournal    
deutsch english español polski francais
Home / WELCOME / Archiv / Equine /     
 
Special requirements of endurance horses
Endurance horses rides become very popular, and as a consequence more endurance horses are seen by veterinarians. But they do an extreme sport which can lead to special metabolic problems. Important things to consider in these special patients were discussed at the large Western Veterinary Conference in Las Vegas some weeks ago.

More than 21,000 participants are expected this year, according to International Federation for Equestrian Sports, which governs the sport. The sport is slated to see roughly 400 events in 2005 compared to 350 in 2004.

`Eventually, you are going to treat an endurance horse, but if you don`t know what went wrong, then how will you know how to treat them?` asked Dane L. Frazier, DVM, proprietor of Terra Vet Services and director of various local, state, national and international endurance horse organizations.

He examined metabolic problems in the endurance horse during several Western Veterinary Conference sessions on Sunday.

Endurance rides are events in which the same horse and rider cover a specified course of not less than 50 miles nor more than 150 miles within a maximum time limit, usually 12 hours per 50 miles. About 60 percent of participants finish 100-mile rides, and about 50 percent finish more rigorous international competitions, Frazier says.

Of the more-rigorous, international competitions that typically consist of very challenging 100-mile events, veterinarians should plan on administering invasive treatment (of at least rehydration) to 10-20 percent of horses, and about 1 percent can die because of the ride, which might cause accidental deaths as well as metabolic conditions.

`By any measure, we would say that endurance is an extreme sport,` Frazier says. `But you cannot predict who will have problems based on the distance of the ride or the speed in which the horses run.`

The fundamental problem of why endurance horses go south is because horses get hot, and it must regulate its body temperature, mainly through perspiration and heightened respiratory activity, Frazier says.

The resulting metabolic stresses of energy depletion, dehydration, electrolyte loss and acid-base balance changes put the animal at risk for colic, exertional rhabdomyolysis, synchronous diaphragmatic flutter and exhausted-horse syndrome.

Sweating is the predominant mechanism for fluid loss. Endurance horses can lose 100 pounds of body weight composed of primarily body water in 24 hours on a 100-mile ride. Thus, assessing dehydration is crucial when treating an endurance horse.

Ways to gauge dehydration are:
- Capillary refill time below the teeth
- Jugular refill time
- Skin tenting, which should be measured at the point of the shoulder and not the neck. `The neck will trick you,` Frazier says.

In addition to water, endurance horses lose sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and chloride in their sweat, so replenishing electrolytes also is important.



Source: www.dvmnewsmagazine.com/dvm/


Tell a friend   |   Print version   |   Send this article

EQUINE

Unilateral cervical plexus block for prosthetic laryngoplasty in horses
Locoregional anaesthetic techniques can facilitate certain surgeries being performed under standing procedural sedation. The second and third spinal cervical nerves (C2, C3) are part of the cervical plexus and provide sensory innervation to the peri‐laryngeal structures in people; block of these nerves might permit laryngeal lateralisation surgery in horses.
This study describes the anatomical basis for an ultrasound‐guided cervical plexus block in horses and compares this block with conventional local anaesthetic tissue infiltration in horses undergoing standing prosthetic laryngoplasty.

  • Exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses
  • Specific bioactive collagen peptides (PETAGILE®) in horses with osteoarthritismembers
  • Epidural anaesthesia in horses with perineal and tail melanomasmembers
  • Unexpected cause of haematuria in an Egyptian Arabian stallionmembers
  • First description of hypersplenism in an old miniature ponymembers
  • Endocrinopathies associated with severe hypertriglyceridaemia in horses and poniesmembers
  • Clinical effect of corticosteroids in horses with asthmamembers
  • Severe complications of cheek tooth extraction in a ponymembers
  • Septic keratitis - associated bacteria and antibiotic susceptibilitymembers
  • Traumatic coccygeal luxation and distal amputation of the tail of a horsemembers
  • Head computed tomography in equine practicemembers
  • Standing intraoral extractions of cheek teeth in horsesmembers


  • [ Home ] [ About ] [ Contact / Request ][ Disclaimer ]

    Copyright © 2001-2016 VetContact GmbH
    All rights reserved