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Successful heart surgery in a dog with combined congenital defects
Congenital heart defects sometimes occur in small animals as well as in children. In contrast to human medicine, often the puppies are euthanized or they die in early life. This brandnew case report from Japan shows that even multiple congenital heart defects can be corrected succesfully in veterinary medicine.

Echocardiography of a dog with a cardiac murmur revealed an ostium primum septal defect, a ventricular septal defect, and mitral valve malformation with regurgitation.

The mitral valve and tricuspid valve were separated and displaced at the same level as the ventricular septum.
The mitral valve had a cleft in the septal cusp.

Cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography showed a left-to-right shunt and a `goose-neck sign,` which indicated an elongated left ventricular outflow tract.

The diagnosis of a partial atrioventricular septal defect with ventricular septal defect was made.

Surgical correction was successfully performed under extracorporeal circulation using a cardiopulmonary bypass system.


Source: Midori Akiyama, Ryou Tanaka, Kohji Maruo, Yoshihisa Yamane (2005): Surgical Correction of a Partial Atrioventricular Septal Defect With a Ventricular Septal Defect in a Dog. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 41:137-143 (2005)





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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Electroretinography as a prognostic indicator after retinal reattachment surgery
Retinal detachment is one of the ophthalmological emergencies, and even if the diagnosis is made early and a reattachment surgery is performed immediately many dogs do not regain postoperative vision. This 18‐month prospective study recorded signalment, duration, cause, and extent of retinal detachment and pre‐operative vision status. Rod and mixed rod‐cone ERG responses were recorded prior to RRS. Referring veterinary ophthalmologists assessed vision 2 months postoperatively to determine whether pre‐operative electroretinography (ERG) predicts postoperative vision in dogs undergoing retinal reattachment surgery (RRS).

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