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Clinical signs of rabies meningoencephalitis
Rabies remains still a differential diagnosis in animals with unclear neurologic symptoms, as this case report illustrates. The clinical course of the dog but also the results of EMG and CSF analysis are very impressive and interesting for every small animal practitioner...

A 6-month-old, female, mixed-breed dog presented for acute, progressive, flaccid paraplegia and bilateral pelvic-limb hyperesthesia.

A lymphocytic pleocytosis with 366 mg/dL protein was found on cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) evaluation.

Electromyography (EMG) demonstrated positive sharp waves and fibrillations in the left pelvic limb; the M wave of the left sciatic nerve was not obtainable by nerve stimulation.

Seizures and dementia began during recovery from anesthesia.

Six days after onset of paralysis, the dog was euthanized.

Direct fluorescent antibody testing of the brain was positive for raccoon rabies virus. This case demonstrates clinical evaluation, CSF analysis, and EMG in an animal with rabies meningoencephalomyelitis.



Source: Heidi L. Barnes, Cheryl L. Chrisman, Lisa Farina, Carol J. Detrisac (2003): Clinical Evaluation of Rabies Virus Meningoencephalomyelitis in a Dog. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:547-550 (2003)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Brachycephalic airway syndrome - differences between pugs and French bulldogs
Does the brachycephalic airway syndrome mean the same in all brachycephalic breeds or are there breed-specific differences? A fascinating question was raised. This retrospective study including 72 dogs aimed to compare clinical features of brachycephalic airway syndrome and long-term surgical outcomes between pugs and French bulldogs and evaluate the influence of laryngeal collapse.

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