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Spinal arachnoid cysts in dogs
Not a common reason for neurological deficites in dogs, but sometimes very hard to diagnose. This retrospective study collected the data of 17 dogs with this diagnosis and tried to find the `classic` patient regarding age, breed and clinical symptoms and the localisation of the cyst. Very helpful in the daily practice!

The medical records of 17 dogs diagnosed with spinal arachnoid cysts at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital were retrospectively examined to identify trends in signalment, history, neurological status, treatment, and short- and long-term prognosis.

The typical case was that of a nonpainful, progressive ataxia frequently characterized by hypermetria and incontinence.

Cysts typically occurred in the dorsal subarachnoid space at the first to third cervical vertebrae of young, large-breed dogs or the caudal thoracic vertebrae of older, small-breed dogs.

Although 14 of 15 dogs treated surgically did well in the short term, long-term successful outcomes were achieved in only eight of the 12 dogs that were followed for >1 year.

Significant predictors of good, long-term outcome were not identified; however, factors associated with a trend toward a good outcome included <3 years of age, <4 monthsÂ’ duration of clinical signs, and marsupialization as the surgical technique.



Source: Todd M. Skeen, Natasha J. Olby, Karen R. Muñana, Nicholas J. Sharp (2003): Spinal Arachnoid Cysts in 17 Dogs. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:271-282 (2003)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Intradermal test reactivity and serum allergen-specific IgE measurement for Malassezia pachydermatis
Malassezia pachydermatis is part of the normal flora of canine skin. Malassezia hypersensitivity is recognized as a trigger for clinical signs of atopic dermatitis (AD) in some dogs. Determinations of Malassezia hypersensitivity are often made with intradermal testing (IDT), which may have limited availability in a first-opinion veterinary practice. The purpose of this study was to compare immediate IDT reactivity to M. pachydermatis with results of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) designed to detect anti-Malassezia IgE.

  • Treatment of feline corneal sequestrum (FCS) with corneal grafting
  • Effects of Flexion and Extension on the Diameter of the Canine Caudal Cervical Vertebral Canal
  • Arthroscopic Treatment of Young Large Breed Dogs With Medial Compartment Disease of the Elbow
  • Topical 1% 5-fluorouracil in a young dog with corneal squamous cell carcinomamembers
  • Perioperative Antimicrobials During Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomymembers
  • Serum and urine Blastomyces antigen as markers of clinical remissionmembers
  • Association between vitreous degeneration and cataract in dogsmembers
  • Capsular tension ring use in dogs with phacoemulsification and IOL implantationmembers
  • Minocycline in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius infectionsmembers
  • Ultrasound biomicroscopy of the normal canine haired skinmembers
  • Effects of aloe vera on corneal wound closure and collagenase activitymembers
  • Relationship between cataract and vitreous degeneration in dogs


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