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Spinal arachnoid cysts in dogs
Not a common reason for neurological deficites in dogs, but sometimes very hard to diagnose. This retrospective study collected the data of 17 dogs with this diagnosis and tried to find the `classic` patient regarding age, breed and clinical symptoms and the localisation of the cyst. Very helpful in the daily practice!

The medical records of 17 dogs diagnosed with spinal arachnoid cysts at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital were retrospectively examined to identify trends in signalment, history, neurological status, treatment, and short- and long-term prognosis.

The typical case was that of a nonpainful, progressive ataxia frequently characterized by hypermetria and incontinence.

Cysts typically occurred in the dorsal subarachnoid space at the first to third cervical vertebrae of young, large-breed dogs or the caudal thoracic vertebrae of older, small-breed dogs.

Although 14 of 15 dogs treated surgically did well in the short term, long-term successful outcomes were achieved in only eight of the 12 dogs that were followed for >1 year.

Significant predictors of good, long-term outcome were not identified; however, factors associated with a trend toward a good outcome included <3 years of age, <4 monthsÂ’ duration of clinical signs, and marsupialization as the surgical technique.



Source: Todd M. Skeen, Natasha J. Olby, Karen R. Muñana, Nicholas J. Sharp (2003): Spinal Arachnoid Cysts in 17 Dogs. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:271-282 (2003)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Tolerability of a rapid-escalation vinblastine-prednisolone protocol in canine mast cell tumours
Optimal chemotherapy protocols for high-risk mast cell tumours (MCTs) are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the tolerability and toxicity profile of a rapidly escalating vinblastine and prednisolone protocol (VPP) in which 3.00 mg/m2 was administered once 7 days apart: at day 14 and at day 21.

  • Translaryngeal percutaneous arytenoid lateralization technique in dogsmembers
  • Hypothermia in Dogs and Cats with Uremia
  • Retrospective Study of Feline Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
  • 2-tier histologic grading system for canine cutaneous mast cell tumors on cytology members
  • Dynamic sonography of the metacarpophalangeal digital flexor tendon sheath in horsesmembers
  • Improved survival in patients undergoing pulmonary metastasectomy for sarcomamembers
  • LDE tendon mineralization with concurrent cruciate ligament rupturemembers
  • Role of IL-4 in neoplastic canine mast cellsmembers
  • Cryopreserved platelet concentrate transfusions in 43 dogsmembers
  • CT comparison of intranasal features in brachycephalic and normocephalic dogsmembers
  • Comparison of 2 Doses for ACTH Stimulation Testing in Dogs members
  • NT-proBNP and cardiac troponin I in dogs with tick paralysis due to I. holocyclusmembers


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