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Supravalvular Mitral Stenosis in a Cat (Case report)
An uncommon reason for progressive respiratory problems in a young-adult cat is described in this interesting case-report: The membrane above the mitral valve divided the left atrium into proximal and distal chambers!

A 3-year-old, 4-kg, castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented with signs of progressive respiratory distress. Thoracic radiographs showed pulmonary edema and pleural effusion.

Echocardiography revealed a perforate membrane immediately above the mitral valve that divided the left atrium into proximal and distal chambers.

The left auricle was proximal to the dividing membrane and connected to the markedly enlarged proximal left atrial chamber, consistent with the diagnosis of supravalvular mitral stenosis (SMS).

Position of the obstructing membrane relative to the left auricle distinguishes SMS from cor triatriatum sinister (CTS).

In CTS, the left auricle is distal to the dividing membrane and connects to the distal left atrial chamber.



Source: Deborah M. Fine, Anthony H. Tobias, Kristin A. Jacob (2002): Supravalvular Mitral Stenosis in a Cat. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:403-406 (2002)





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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

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