Home
http://www.virbac.fr/ http://www.boehringer-ingelheim.com/ http://www.novartis.com/ http://www.animalhealth.bayerhealthcare.com/
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  WELCOME  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Privacy Policy  
  Home  
  Login / Newsletter  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  CONTACTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Classifieds  
  New Products  
  VetCompanies  
  VetSchools  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PROFESSION  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Edutainment  
  VetAgenda  
  Presentations  
  Posters  
  ESAVS  
  Specialisation  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  INSIGHT  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Congress News  
  Picture Galleries  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PRODUCTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Bayer  
  Boehringer Ing.  
  Novartis  
  Virbac

 
  Simply book for less...  
    

Bovine    Equine    Small Animal Practice    Swine Practice    Articles    Vetjournal    
deutsch english español polski francais
Home / WELCOME / Archiv / Small Animal Practice /     
 
Vein-catheter related infections in hospitalized dogs
Hospitalized dogs often need intensive care and therefore the majority of them require intravenous medications applied by vein-catheters. How common are infections related to these catheters, when do they occur and which bacteria are most commonly isolated?

In a prospective clinical trial conducted at the Small Animal Clinic of the Free University of Berlin, the incidence of vein-catheter related infections (>5 colony forming units and clinical signs of thrombophlebitis) and underlying factors was evaluated in 103 dogs with a variety of diseases (mammary gland tumors (n = 23), gastroenteritis (n = 20), pyometra (n = 20), polytrauma (n = 20), and orthopedic diseases (n = 20)). The influence of age, body weight, hemostasis, underlying disease and duration of indwelling vein-catheter on the incidence of catheter related complications was analyzed. Bacterial cultures of vein-catheters were performed after 24 hours and 48 hours by semiquantitative methods. Furthermore each patient underwent a complete physical examination and ultrasonography of the cephalic vein.

The duration of indwelling catheter was the most important influence factor for the occurrence of catheter associated complications.
In the group of patients with an indwelling catheter time of 24 hours, no clinical abnormalities of the veins were found, whereas in the other patient groups (in-dwelling catheter time of 48 hours), 72.3 % had local signs of venous inflammation. In 10.8 % of those dogs, abnormalities suggesting of thrombophlebitis were observed.

Sonography of the veins revealed vessel abnormalities in 50 % (indwelling catheter time of 24 hours) and 89 % of the patients (indwelling catheter time of 48 hours), respectively. After 48 hours of catheterization, catheter associated infections occured in 24 % of dogs, whereas after 24 hours no dog had a catheter associated infection.

Staphylococcus spp. (n = 10), Acinetobacter spp. (n = 7), Bacillus cereus (n = 6), and Escherichia coli (n = 3) were isolated most frequently.

The prevalence of catheter-related venous complications correlated with the duration of catheter placement, the age and the body weight of the patient but there was no correlation with the underlying disease and coagulation activity detectable.

Source: Theis, A., Stockhaus, C., LubkeBecker, A., Kutzer, P., Wieler, L.H., Brunnberg, L. (2002): Vein-catheter related infections in hospitalized dogs. In: Kleintierpraxis, 2002, Vol 47, Iss 8, pp 473-481





Tell a friend   |   Print version   |   Send this article

SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Novel intratumoral therapy in canine transmissible venereal tumourmembers
Canine transmissible venereal tumour (CTVT) is a naturally occurring contagious neoplasm of dogs located mainly on the external genitalia of both sexes. The course of vincristine chemotherapy, the most effective and practical therapy, is affected by the immune status of the host. The aim was to investigate recombinant human interferon alpha‐2a (rhIFNα‐2a) and vincristine for treatment of CTVT.

  • Long-term outcome of dogs with primary immune-mediated thrombocytopeniamembers
  • Insulin treatment and IGF-I in cats with diabetes mellitusmembers
  • Color doppler ultrasound in neoplastic and non-neoplastic canine testicles members
  • Computed tomographic arthrography of the canine shoulder joint members
  • Prognostic scoring system for dogs managed with hemodialysismembers
  • Sonography vs percutaneous palpation to identify targeted thoracolumbar intervertebral disc spacesmembers
  • Distribution of alveolar-interstitial syndrome in dogs and cats with respiratory distress members
  • Disorders of sex development in catsmembers
  • Core ocular surface microbiome in dogsmembers
  • ACVIM small animal consensus statement on safe use of cytotoxic chemotherapeutics members
  • MRI imaging of masticatory muscles in basset houndsmembers
  • Mucosal microbiota, gastrointestinal inflammation and small cell intestinal lymphoma in cats members


  • [ Home ] [ About ] [ Contact / Request ] [ Privacy Policy ]

    Copyright © 2001-2018 VetContact GmbH
    All rights reserved