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Spontaneous chronic defects of the corneal epithelium in dogs
This problem is well-known in certain breeds, especially in brachycephalic dogs like pugs, boxers and so on. But any breed can be affected, this is one of the surprising results of this brandnew study. Which therapy is the best?

Spontaneous chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCEDs) in dogs are typically found in middle-aged dogs of all breeds.

These epithelial defects may be present for weeks to months, particularly if left untreated or if treated inappropriately.

Typical histopathological findings include loss of the corneal epithelial basement membrane and formation of a superficial, acellular, hyalinized zone in the stroma.

Together, these histological abnormalities lead to delayed wound healing and poor epithelial adhesion.

Epithelial debridement, anterior stromal puncture, grid keratotomy, and superficial keratectomy are the most common treatment options applied to the defects.

Procedures that address the stromal changes present generally have a higher success rate than epithelial debridement alone.


Source: Ellison Bentley (2005): Spontaneous Chronic Corneal Epithelial Defects in Dogs: A Review. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 41:158-165 (2005)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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