|Spontaneous chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCEDs) in dogs are typically found in middle-aged dogs of all breeds.
These epithelial defects may be present for weeks to months, particularly if left untreated or if treated inappropriately.
Typical histopathological findings include loss of the corneal epithelial basement membrane and formation of a superficial, acellular, hyalinized zone in the stroma.
Together, these histological abnormalities lead to delayed wound healing and poor epithelial adhesion.
Epithelial debridement, anterior stromal puncture, grid keratotomy, and superficial keratectomy are the most common treatment options applied to the defects.
Procedures that address the stromal changes present generally have a higher success rate than epithelial debridement alone.
Source: Ellison Bentley (2005): Spontaneous Chronic Corneal Epithelial Defects in Dogs: A Review. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 41:158-165 (2005)
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